Dental Aesthetic treatments are in high demand in a society increasingly concerned with the appearance of your smile.
Within this dental specialty, we find the placement of dental veneers and crowns, among other options.
Both porcelain crowns and veneers have unique advantages and limitations that make them suitable for treating specific dental problems.
So which treatment is the most indicated? Before coming up with the answer, you must first know the differences between one treatment and the other.
What Are Dental Veneers?
Dental veneers are “sheets” made up of a thin layer of porcelain placed on the outside of the teeth. Its function is aesthetic, corrects spots, fractures, or cavities.
What Are Crowns?
Crowns are “caps” that completely cover a weakened or destroyed tooth.
They can also be used to improve the shape, appearance, or alignment of the tooth and place it on an implant to achieve a functional shape and structure in the teeth.
Veneers vs Crowns
There are some doubts about the differences between these two types of treatments, although the main difference, and more important, is that veneers are an aesthetic treatment, and dental crowns are a reconstruction treatment.
Here are the main differences between veneers and dental crowns:
The fundamental difference between veneers and dental crowns is the amount of tooth surface they cover.
The crowns must completely cover the remaining -real- tooth or the implant to ensure no leakage occurs.
Only then will it have the necessary adjustment to perform the chewing function and support occlusal loads.
Because they have an aesthetic purpose, Dental veneers are limited to covering the pieces’ outer face to improve their appearance.
Another significant difference is their thickness; dental crowns are much thicker than veneers.
Therefore, the preparation necessary for the dental crown placement requires a considerable amount of grinding of the tooth, reducing its size and shape.
For veneer placement, less reduction of the front side of the tooth is required, and there is no need to prepare the tooth’s backside.
Currently, with new techniques, in some cases, it is not even necessary to reduce the teeth for the placement of veneers.
Veneers are made of porcelain or composite.
Those made of porcelain or ceramic have the main advantage of being more aesthetic, resistant, and durable, as well as not losing shine or staining over time.
With proper care, this type of veneer can last up to 30 years.
On the other hand, the composite ones need periodic reviews so that the dentist polishes and reinforces them.
But their main benefit lies in being substantially cheaper than porcelain veneers.
Although crowns can also be made of different materials – porcelain and metal-porcelain – the most aesthetic are zirconia; therefore, they are those that are placed on visible teeth.
But for a matter of strength and functionality, metal-porcelain caps are almost always used for molars, as they are not visible when smiling and are cheaper.
Regarding their different indications, dental crowns are placed to produce a great change in color or shape in a tooth.
They are also used to rebuild and strengthen teeth that are badly broken or decayed.
Crowns are the treatment of choice for teeth that need to be rebuilt and are exposed to heavy chewing loads or the forces of clenching and grinding of the teeth.
In contrast, veneers are used to produce mild or moderate color changes and create small changes in shape.
They are usually placed on teeth whose dental base is healthy and intact.
And You, What Treatment Do You Need?
In short, if the teeth are healthy but looking to improve aesthetics, dental veneers could be the best option as they are a less invasive technique.
On the other hand, if you are looking to improve your smile but your teeth need to be strengthened, often due to damage such as cracks or structural problems from tooth decay, then crowns may be the best option.
But to clear all your doubts and obtain an accurate diagnosis, we recommend that you contact a dentist who specializes in Dental Aesthetics.
Only then will you be able to know with certainty if your case requires dental veneers, crowns, or a mixture of treatments.